International travel has increased to historic levels as it has become more accessible and inexpensive. Argentina These four states with the highest human trafficking rates have the highest populations in the U.S., which can explain why their numbers of cases are significantly higher than other states and very high immigrant populations. ], Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labor. The TIP Report provides a comprehensive view of what the government is doing to combat trafficking in persons. The most common type of trafficking was sex trafficking (8,248 reports), with the most common venues being illicit massage/spa businesses and pornography. I am so proud of all who lead us forward in this work, especially our TIP Report Heroes who model the courageous leadership we need for the road ahead. As early as 2004, the UN drew attention to this issue in its report on sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, highlighting the lack of compliance by troop-sending countries with the UN’s official policy against sexual exploitation and abuse. Safe housing. Kyrgyz Republic 20th April 2020 Human Trafficking Research Report from 56 Degree Insight Ltd Data collection: Report of April 2020 Scottish Population Online Survey. The trafficker ordered Maria to work off the debt by laboring 18-hour days for only a few dollars an hour. The rates can be found here: https://www.fiscal.treasury.gov/files/reports-statements/treasury-reporting-ratesexchange/ratesofexchangeasofdecember312019.pdf, Inside Front Cover: Sara Hylton Turkey Veronica Jablonski While at HAART, she was responsible for assisting more than 400 victims of trafficking since 2014 and helped identify victims both within and outside of Kenya. Greater pressure on teams and their scouts is needed to conduct more due diligence on the agents they work with to ensure their talent acquisition is free of exploitation. Per the reauthorization of the TVPA in 2008, the TIP Report has assessed governments’ efforts to prevent the participation in extraterritorial commercial child sexual exploitation and abuse by their nationals. Another provision amended the CSPA to provide that the restriction on military assistance applies to a government whose “police or other security forces” (in addition to “governmental armed forces” and “government-supported armed groups”) recruit or use child soldiers. Twenty years ago, when the United States Congress passed the TVPA mandating this report, it signaled the U.S. government’s resolve to fight human trafficking and marked a pivot from indignation to positive action. Page 23: Ranita Roy Supporting the Reintegration of Trafficked Persons: A Guidebook for the Greater Mekong Sub-Region: http://un-act.org/publication/supporting-reintegration-trafficked-persons-guidebook-greater-mekong-sub-region, http://www.cbss.org/civil-security-the-human-dimension/tfthb/, Human Trafficking 2016 – Baltic Sea Round-up Report. In the 2019 TIP Report, at least 53 country narratives cited concerns or reported cases of foreign perpetrators committing this type of child sexual exploitation and abuse in their country or of their nationals engaging in the crime abroad. Using her mandate to stop all forms of human trafficking and abuse, Stabiņa worked within current systems to reduce labor exploitation and ensure victims had care and were protected during law enforcement processes. $4,022,000 Benin Spain The National Human Trafficking Hotline maintains one of the most extensive data sets on the issue of human trafficking in the United States. Section 3 provides a list of waivers or exceptions exercised under the CSPA. Kaitlyn Woods The UN and other organizations carrying out peace operations, and troop- and police-contributing countries must reflect on peacekeepers’ positions of power and privilege relative to the host population and the myriad ways this dynamic contributes to sexual exploitation and abuse. When Patience’s parents passed away, she took on the burden of caring for her six younger siblings and needed to find a job. Cameroon Other indicators point to significant improvement in the past 20 years. Indeed, while some perpetrators may be in the foreign country for tourism, others may be volunteers or expatriates who have permanently moved abroad. When Mary was in second grade, she stopped attending school just before final exams. At times, this relationship may also decrease the psychological impact of the trauma as moments of love and care from the trafficker offset experiences of anxiety or fear. The danger of retraumatization as a trigger during early recovery can precipitate a survivor’s re-exploitation. Chad Morocco This lack of resources, guidance, and social support increases their vulnerability to traffickers. Over time, the introduction began to cover concrete themes and a collection of special topics interspersed throughout. South Sudan SC Attorney General Wilson releases 2020 Human Trafficking Task Force data COLUMBIA, S.C. — During a press conference at the South Carolina Statehouse, the state Attorney General Alan Wilson released the South Carolina Human Trafficking Task Force’s 2020 Annual Report showing a change in the top five counties reporting the crime. Peru Zambia, Afghanistan The TIP Report also provides stakeholders a useful basis on which to engage with governments that seek to act on recommendations through tangible government policies. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Looking Back on Twenty Years of the Trafficking in Persons Report, Faith-Based Efforts To Combat Human Trafficking, Extraterritorial Commercial Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse: Evolving Information and Improving Responses, Reengineering Health Care for Survivors of Human Trafficking, The Intersection of Human Trafficking and Addiction, Funding Restrictions for Tier 3 Countries, Trafficking Victims Protection Act: Minimum Standards for the Elimination of Trafficking in Persons, Ary Varela | Cabo Verde & Natalino Correia | Cabo Verde, Stopping Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by International Peacekeepers and Civilian Personnel, International, Regional, and Sub-Regional Organizations Combating Trafficking In Persons, Multilateral Organizations Combating Trafficking in Persons, Annual Report on the Use of Child Soldiers, Sections 405(c) and (d) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act (CSPA) of 2008 (22 U.S.C. Carla M. Bury The victim stories included in this report are meant to be illustrative. As of April 15, IMET funding was obligated for the following activities: military professionalization training. Suriname Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Div. The Angel Watch Center uses publicly available sex offender registry information and passenger travel data to strategically alert foreign law enforcement of a convicted child sex offender’s intent to travel to their country. Once she arrived in a major city in Ghana, the recruiter demanded $1,500 for the cost of transportation and turned her over to a madam who used a local fetish priest to perform a ritual that obligated her to repay the debt. Venezuela. Andrea E. Wilson Elena’s boyfriend lured her across Canada and forced her to engage in commercial sex. Of the 157 cases reported in 2019 in Indiana, 40 of those involved minors. Alternatively, the President may waive application of all or part of the foregoing restrictions upon a determination that the provision to a Tier 3 country of such assistance would promote the purposes of the TVPA or is otherwise in the national interest of the United States. The clinic recognizes that human trafficking can be both a physical and psychological trauma, and it seeks to reduce the risk of retraumatization by minimizing waiting times (especially in waiting rooms with strangers), having a single site of care across all specialists, and taking a single health history. Similar to traumatic stress effects on the brain, substance use disorder involves biochemical changes to the brain and adds an additional layer of risk, especially for survivors with post-traumatic stress disorder. Some associations refused to work only with licensed agents (estimates claimed licensed agents comprised only 25 to 30 percent of active agents); some agents and clubs failed to report transactions at all; and discrepancies proliferated between countries’ national regulations on recruitment. He coerced Ted by threatening his mother, drugging him, and physically abusing him. This year marks a major milestone—the 20th anniversary of the TIP Report. 06/18/2020: Human Trafficking 101 Fact Sheet - Arabic: pdf : 512.17 KB : … When local police learned he was not allowed to return home or travel without consent from his employer, they required the factory owners to release him. Heroes also have been personally affected by trafficking: a mother whose daughter was kidnapped by the Lord’s Resistance Army; a fisherman forced to work at sea for four years; a former talibé who now provides shelter to street children; and an activist who secured the release of ISIS captives. Page 9: Reuters The message at the heart of each edition, however, has been steadfast: there is no excuse for human trafficking, and governments must address it with bold action. Haley L. Sands Countries in Violation of the Standards Under the CSPA in 2019. United Arab Emirates For over two decades, he has advanced Malawi’s anti-trafficking movement and is recognized nationally as a leading and trustworthy subject matter expert. To my intrepid colleagues at the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP Office), thank you for your perseverance and grit in every detail of this work. Significant exploration regarding trauma bonding among labor trafficking victims is needed. Describing the bonding that occurs in the face of danger, psychiatrist and trauma expert Bessel Van der Kolk explains, “Pain, fear, fatigue, and loss of loved ones and protectors all evoke efforts to attract increased care. Page 29: Paula Bronstein The authors have a range of expertise related to human trafficking, marginalized communities, and trauma. Elena was able to escape and is now receiving comprehensive services from a local NGO to work through the trauma of her experience and adjust to her new life. Democratic Republic of the Congo Guidelines to Prevent Abusive Recruitment, Exploitative Employment and Trafficking of Migrant Workers in the Baltic Sea region (2014): http://www.cbss.org/guidelines-prevent-abusive-recruitment-exploitative-employment-trafficking-migrant-workers-brief. Ghana Paraguay The South Carolina Attorney General’s Human Trafficking Task Force released new numbers from 2020 showing the scourge is not going away and COVID-19 … In 2018, Matewere helped spur a fruitful collaboration between the Malawi government’s National Trafficking in Persons Coordinator and the Ministry of Homeland Security, resulting in trainings and awareness campaigns across the country. 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