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Statement by Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council

“Tens of millions of people across the Middle East need humanitarian assistance.
Most of them are already devastated or displaced by conflict. Another confrontation among international and regional powers would be deadly for aid lifelines on the brink of collapse.

24 million war-affected Yemenis and 12 million Syrians displaced within the region are extremely vulnerable to any escalation in conflict, sanctions or restrictions on movement. We also see increased anxiety among over 6 million needy Iraqis and 2 million in need of aid in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

Sanctions have severely affected our humanitarian work for some of the 3 million Afghan refugees living in Iran. For large parts of 2018-19 we could not find a single international bank able to transmit Western donor money to aid Afghan refugee communities in eastern Iran and natural disaster victims elsewhere in the country.

It is already too difficult and dangerous for our field relief workers to serve vulnerable communities in the Middle East. On behalf of the millions in need that have nothing to do with the political conflict, we urge de-escalation of this confrontation and direct talks among diplomats to find solutions. Do not make a difficult situation impossible.”

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LUSAKA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a €500,000 (US$ 610,000) contribution from the Italian Government to provide food to people affected by the drought in Zambia.

Drought and prolonged dry spells have left 2.3 million people severely food insecure and in need of humanitarian food assistance.

“In the context of the current crisis, the Italian emergency contribution confirmed in December 2019 is crucial to WFP. The funds will enable WFP to procure around 340 MT of pulses to cover the food needs of about 99,000 people for an entire month, helping WFP ensure that the people residing in the areas most affected by the drought can receive the immediate assistance they need,” said Jennifer Bitonde, WFP Country Representative in Zambia.

“At the same time, WFP will continue to work to strengthening communities resilience to future climatic shocks under its five-year Country Strategic Plan (2019-2024),” she added.

As part of the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, WFP is currently supporting the Governments response by providing logistics support by delivering Government-supplied maize meal, as well as by procuring and delivering pulses to ensure a nutrition-sensitive food basket. WFP is also working closely with partners to monitor food distributions and guarantee that resources reach those most in need.

About 1.1 million people are expected to receive WFPs support, while the remaining 1.2 million will be assisted by the Government and other partners, with whom WFP is working and closely coordinating.

Contact

For more information please contact (email address: [email protected]):
Paola Di Tommaso, WFP/Lusaka Mob.+260971020341

# # #

The United Nations World Food Programme – saving lives in emergencies and changing lives for millions through sustainable development. WFP works in more than 80 countries around the world, feeding people caught in conflict and disasters, and laying the foundations for a better future.

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by Intisar Alqsar

Moftah, a 10-year-old boy from Tawergha, a town south-east of the Libyan capital Tripoli, lies in his hospital bed, exhausted after receiving his first daily dose of medication to treat acute anaemia. His mother tells us, “Moftah has had anaemia from the time he was 1 year old and since then we have had to come to the hospital three times a day for treatment. This trip has become our daily routine and we dont mind. We want our child to live his life like any normal healthy child, playing with joy.” She tears up as she says this.

However, the outbreak of violence in Libya in 2011, and the persistent insecurity and recurring armed clashes since, have made sustaining these hospital visits extremely challenging for the family. “The medicine is only available at Misrata Hospital, about 40 km away from Tawergha. Usually, we go to Misrata to buy the medicine.” But the journey is dangerous, especially at night. “The security situation has forced us to stop his treatment for several months … which negatively affects Moftahs health, since he needs three doses day.”

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Geneva – The Israeli authorities have continued their human rights violations in Jerusalem in November 2019, as they escalated their attempts to end Palestinian presence and change the city’s identity by closing institutions, confiscating land, and displacing residents, according to a monthly report published by the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor.

The US Administration’s attitude towards the Palestinian issue encouraged the Israeli authorities to commit more violations in the Palestinian Territories, especially after the recent US decision to consider settlements in the West Bank legitimate and dont violate international law.

Anas Jirjawi, Euro-Med Monitors Director of the Middle East and North Africa

Euro-Med Monitor said in its monthly report, which monitors Israeli violations in Jerusalem that the Israeli forces committed 400 violations in Jerusalem which fall under 18 types of human rights violations. The majority of these violations were raids, with a total of 25.8%, followed by arrests, with a total of 20.3%, and checkpoints and freedom of movement, with a total of 16.5%.

The report documented 25 shootings and direct assaults carried out by Israeli forces in the neighborhoods of Jerusalem, which resulted in the death of Fares Abu Nab, 23. This incident constitutes a use of excessive force without him posing any danger or threat to the lives of Israeli forces. In addition, 17 Palestinian civilians, including two women, were wounded with rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters, and dozens were suffocated by tear gas while 14 Palestinians were beaten by Israeli forces.

This month, Israeli authorities closed four Palestinian establishments, including the official Palestine Television headquarters, which suggests that Israel is proceeding with its policy that aims to end the existence and operation of official Palestinian institutions, restricting work of official Palestinian figures in the city, and preventing any manifestations of Palestinian sovereignty.

The report documented 103 raids into the towns and neighborhoods of Jerusalem by Israeli forces. The raids included the arrest of 78 Palestinian citizens, including 12 children, a woman, the Palestinian Minister and Governor of Jerusalem, and the Director of the Directorate of Education. The report said that Israeli forces summoned 11 Palestinians and imposed house arrests on at least eight citizens, including children, following imposing fines on them.

The report documented 20 demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties in occupied Jerusalem. Nine homes were demolished, one of which was destroyed by its owner to avoid paying huge fines. In addition, six barns and warehouses were demolished in the city while ten other facilities were notified of demolitions.

These demolitions are carried out by Israeli army forces as part of a systematic policy of forced displacement of Palestinians, in order to change the demographic character of the city, nothing that such actions amount to a war crime.

The report documented four confiscation orders issued by Israeli forces, which seized 790 dunums in Jerusalem for the purpose of building the separation wall as well as roads while 6,850 dunums in the West Bank were affected.

The report documented two Israeli decisions regarding the approval of the Jerusalem train plan and the establishment of 11,000 housing units in a new neighborhood in the abandoned Qalandia Airport to expand the settlement of Atarot north of Jerusalem. The Geneva-based group noted that an Israeli decision to ban the work of UNRWA in Jerusalem was also issued.

Anas Aljirjawi, Euro-Med Monitors Director of the Middle East and North Africa, said that the US Administration’s attitude towards the Palestinian issue encouraged the Israeli authorities to commit more violations in the Palestinian Territories, especially after the recent US decision to consider settlements in the West Bank legitimate and dont violate international law.

Aljirjawi added that by monitoring the actions of Israeli authorities in Jerusalem on a regular basis, it is clear that they are taking steps to end the Palestinian presence in the city by removing communities on different pretexts, arresting, and deporting personalities, and closing official institutions. He warned that silence over these measures gives Israel a green light to implement its policies rapidly.

The report documented eight direct attacks by settlers throughout Jerusalem during November, including damaging car tires, writing racist slogans as part of a strategic activity that Israel permits, based on discriminatory racial grounds, which aims, in the long run, to displace Palestinians and confiscate their homes and lands for settlement projects.

Israeli forces continue to impose restrictions on the access of West Bank residents to Jerusalem, as well as Gazans, most of whom are denied access to the city.

This month, 2009 settlers carried out incursions into Al-Aqsa Mosque throughout 20 days of the month, in addition to thousands of settlers who participated in the incursions under the pretext of foreign tourism and with a full coordination with Israeli authorities.

In contrast, Israeli forces continue to impose restrictions on the access of West Bank residents to Jerusalem, as well as Gazans, most of whom are denied access to the city. Israeli forces scrutinize the cards of Palestinians arriving at Al-Aqsa Mosque and hold their IDs, and it prevents large numbers of Jerusalemites from reaching the Mosque under security pretexts.

During November, Israeli authorities issued seven removal decisions from Al-Aqsa Mosque as well as from towns and places in Jerusalem. Israeli authorities are pursuing this policy to exclude influential Palestinian figures, whether at Al-Aqsa Mosque or the occupied city, as part of its fight against Palestinian presence.

Euro-Med Monitor reiterated its call to the United Nations to shoulder its responsibilities in stopping Israel’s violation of the United Nations Security Council resolutions that address Israeli violations in the Palestinian Territories and to establish operational mechanisms to address Israel’s deliberate violations of international law.

Full English Report will be available soon.

Arabic Report, here.

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Geneva –Tunisian authorities must respect the right to peaceful demonstration, meet the protesters demands, and refrain from dealing violently with the protests that erupted this week, following the suicide of a young man after he did not receive his payment from work, the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor said in a statement.

“The protesters’ demands should be heard from the highest levels of authority. Force, in all its forms should not be used against protesters, and all security measures in Jilmah must be withheld.”

Anas jerjawi, Euro-Med Monitors Director of Middle East and North Africa region

In the last presidential elections, Tunisia demonstrated a rare democratic experience in the Arab region. However, in the last few days, the Tunisian Authorities’ violent dispersal of protesters in Jilmah city, southern the country, raises a serious concern about Tunisias return to restricting freedoms and crackdown on dissident.

Eyewitnesses and local media outlets said that Abdel Wahab al-Hablani, 25, burned himself to death on 29 November in Jilmah downtown, in Sidi Bouzid Governorate.

Al-Hablani used to work within “Mechanism 16”, an unofficial job in a governmental body. However, he was recently fired at a time where he hadn’t been receiving his payments for a year, according to al-Hablani relatives.

Protests began after al-Hablanis funeral on Saturday evening and went on for three days. The protesters demanded improving the city’s infrastructure, including providing drinking water, building a hospital, and improving the administrative services.

Eyewitnesses said that security forces used tear gas to break down the protests, on the evening of Monday, December 2, and took strict security measures that might increase tensions in the city.

“The protesters’ demands should be heard from the highest levels of authority. Force, in all its forms should not be used against protesters, and all security measures in Jilmah must be withheld.” Anas Aljerjawi, Euro-Med Monitors Director of Middle East and North Africa region. “An investigation must be opened into al-Hablani case and the events that followed.”

Aljerjawi stressed on Article 8 in the Tunisian Constitution, which was adopted on January 27, 2014. The Article assures that, “Youth are an active force in building the nation. The state seeks to provide the necessary conditions for developing the capacities of youth and realizing their potential, supports them to assume responsibility, and strives to extend and generalize their participation in social, economic, cultural and political development.”

Euro-Med Monitor concluded its statement by calling on the Tunisian authorities to curb the culture of violence and instead foster respect for their citizens’ right to freedom of speech and expression in the country. Additionally, Euro-Med Monitor calls on the Tunisian government to urgently address economic and development issues in remote cities to insure a decent living for all Tunisians.

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1. Highlights

• Massive rains triggered flash floods in Djibouti: the equivalent of 2 years of rainfall occurred in in one day. Houses, infrastructure, schools and community buildings were damaged.

• Some 150-250,000 people were somewhat affected, countrywide. Over 5,000 people hosted for several days in collective centres.

• The government is leading relief operations and activated the emergency plan (ORSEC).
Humanitarian partners, civil society and armed forces stationed in Djibouti are supporting the response.

• A rapid needs assessment is ongoing, countrywide, with the participation of 50 staff from government, UN and NGOs.

2. Situation Overview

Some 150-250,000 people have been somewhat affected by heavy rains across the country, mostly in Djibouti town. Nine people (7 children) reportedly lost their lives. Some 300 families have reportedly been affected in Tadjourah region, and 400 in Arta area. Information from other areas is being sought. Initial government estimates indicate that some 20,000 families (100,000 persons) are likely to need some form of humanitarian assistance. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the number of affected people could further rise.

According to the Ministry of Social Affairs and Solidarity (MASS) more than 5,000 extremely vulnerable people, including 2,000 children under five years of age, were hosted in 12 collective centers (schools, community development centers) across Djibouti and have since returned to their home or their families ones. Many people are being hosted by friends and relatives across the city. While water pumping reached household level, in some dwellings the water is returning.

Despite substantial decreases of the rainfall, and while water pumping operations managed to considerably reduce stagnant water, in some areas of the city the water is resurfacing. The Ministry of Interior, the national road agency, the hydraulic department and FAO are investigating the cause of this phenomenon and find solutions. Road access remains difficult in some areas.

In Djibouti town, at least 14 schools were flooded to different degrees, with damages to roof, electricity, sanitary facilities and equipment reported. Similarly, some eight Community Development Centres suffered similar destructions. In Tadjourah, roadways have been damaged. The Wadi-Marsaki dike has withstood the high floods. The Djiboutian Road Agency (ADR) has reported that the Sagallou dike has been completely damaged and is seeking support for reconstruction.

3. Response

The toll-free number (1516) activated by the Government for the victims to report problems and seek assistance has been activated received more than a hundred calls per day since the emergency plan was activated.

As part of the ORSEC plan, after four days in community centres, affected families returned to their respective homes or to friends and relatives by MASS through an emergency program of assistance and social support. This program will also help in: establishing a list of affected families by site, focusing on vulnerable groups (children under 5 years of age, people with disabilities and the elderly); identifying primary emergency needs, other support (food and non-food emergency kits) and budgeting; and mobilization of resources and kit acquisition plan. MASS also offered 3500 meals per day for evacuees, who also received support from different ministries,
NGOs and the Djibouti Red Crescent.

The civil society and the private sector mobilized and generously provided assistance to the flood victims through donations of food and non-food items and opening their homes to welcome the affected population.

Under the Prime Minister and the government members supervision, the security forces and the army, the waste management department, national road agency, and the large public work entity, together with the civil society have been engaged in pumping operations, as well as road repairs, cleaning of schools and community centres, mosques and public spaces to allow for the situation to return to normalcy.

Additional funds are urgently needed to scale up the response.

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Last night, the United States Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, announced that the US no longer considers Israeli settlements in the Occupied West Bank to be inconsistent with international law.

Israeli settlements not only violate international law, but as a matter of fact remain a war crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Euro-Med Monitor strongly condemns this decision, which stands in flagrant violation with International Law and International Humanitarian Law, particularly article 49 of the fourth Geneva convention, which stipulates that “Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

Furthermore, we assert that Israeli settlements not only violate international law, but as a matter of fact remain a war crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Hence, we emphasize the Trump Administration’s announcement will essentially change nothing in the international illegality of settlement activities as the US has no mandate or agency to write off international law or alter global consensus.

The United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly, and the International Court of Justice have all asserted the flagrant violation of international law that Israeli settlements stand on.

For instance, on 9 July 2004, the IJC stated in its Advisory Opinion that Israel’s construction of the separation wall and expansion of the settlements are illegally altering the demographic composition of the OPT and thus severely impede the Palestinians ability to exercise their right to self-determination.

Finally, the Euro-Med Monitor commends the immediate response of the EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini on the latest developments, where she reaffirmed the EU’s position on all Israeli settlement activity as “illegal under international law and erodes the viability of the two-state solution and the prospects for a lasting peace, as reaffirmed by UN Security Council Resolution 2334.”

We call on the EU to take further steps not only to maintain the viability of the two-state solution, but to genuinely advance a conclusion to the Israeli Palestinian conflict, including banning settlement products from EU markets in compliance with international law and to repudiate the US latest announcement.

We also call on the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet to immediately release the UN database of companies operating in Israeli settlements. This retribution is most essential to curb the US and Israel’s serious unilateral assault on the peace process and defend the long-established international order. Doing otherwise may render idle parties complicit in the erosion of chances for peace.

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Press release:
The SNHR released its monthly special report today, which documents the human rights situation in Syria, outlining the most notable human rights violations that the SNHR documented in October 2019 at the hands of the main perpetrator parties to the conflict in Syria.
The 19-page report outlines the record of civilian victims documented in October who were killed by the main parties to the conflict, as well as the record of cases of arrests and enforced disappearance. The report also highlights indiscriminate attacks and the use of outlawed weapons (cluster munitions, chemical weapons, barrel bombs, incendiary weapons, nail missiles) and attacks on civilian objects.

The report includes records of these violations distributed according to each of the main perpetrator parties responsible. Accurately ascribing responsibility sometimes requires more time and investigation than usual, especially in the case of joint attacks. On some occasions, when we are unable to definitively assign responsibility for specific attacks to one particular party, as in the case of air strikes by Syrian or Russian warplanes, Syrian-Iranian attacks, or attacks by Syrian Democratic Forces and International Coalition forces, we indicate that responsibility for these attacks is held jointly by the parties in question until we are able to likely establish which one of the parties was responsible, or its proved that the attack was a joint initiative carried out in coordination between the two parties. In addition, in cases where we are unable to definitively assign responsibility for a particular violation to one of two possible parties because of the areas proximity to the lines of engagement, the use of similar weapons, or other reasons, the incident is categorized among other parties until we have sufficient evidence to conclusively assign responsibility for the violation to one of the two parties.

The report draws upon the ongoing daily monitoring of news and developments, and on an extensive network of relations with various sources, in addition to analyzing a large number of photographs and videos.

The report documents in October the deaths of 171 civilians, including 28 children and 18 women (adult female), as well as two media workers, at the hands of the main perpetrator parties in Syria. It also documents the deaths of 27 individuals who died due to torture, and at least one massacre. The toll of victims mentioned above includes the civilian victims killed in the neighboring countries as a result of the conflict in Syria.

The report also documents at least 183 cases of arbitrary arrests, including six children, five women (adult female), at the hands of the main perpetrator parties to the conflict in Syria, with the largest number of these carried out by Syrian Regime forces in Damascus Suburbs governorate.

According to the report, at least 25 attacks on vital civilian facilities were recorded in October, of which six attacks were on schools, one was on a medical facility and three others were on places of worship.

The report details the record of indiscriminate and outlawed attacks documented in October, where Syrian Regime forces carried out three cluster munition attacks, targeting Idlib governorate, which resulted in the deaths of one child and one woman, and injured five civilians.

The report documents in October at least 117 barrel bombs dropped by Syrian regimes air force, fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters, on Latakia governorate.

The report reveals that the evidence we gathered indicates that attacks were directed against civilians and civilian objects. Syrian-Russian alliance forces committed various crimes of extrajudicial killings, arrest, torture, and enforced disappearance. In addition, the indiscriminate attacks they carried out caused the destruction of various facilities and other buildings. There are reasonable grounds to believe that the war crime of attacking civilians has been committed in many cases.

The report stresses that the Syrian government has violated international humanitarian law and customary law, and a number of UN Security Council resolutions, particularly resolution 2139, resolution 2042 on the release of detainees, and resolution 2254, all without any accountability.

SNHR was unable to find any records of any warnings being issued by the Syrian Regime, or by Russian or International Coalition forces prior to any attack in accordance with the requirements of international humanitarian law. This has been the case since the beginning of the popular uprising in 2011, providing further blatant evidence of these forces total disregard for the lives of civilians in Syria.

According to the report, extremist Islamist groups carried out extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests and torture. The report adds that the instances of indiscriminate and disproportionate bombardment carried out by the alliance of International Coalition forces and Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces are considered to be in clear violation of international humanitarian law, with indiscriminate killings amounting to war crimes.

The report calls on the UN Security Council to take additional steps following its adoption of Resolution 2254, and stresses the importance of referring the Syrian case to the International Criminal Court, adding that all those who are responsible should be held accountable including the Russian regime whose involvement in war crimes has been repeatedly proven.
The report also calls on the Security Council to adopt a resolution banning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, similar to the prohibition on the use of chemical weapons, and to include advice on how to safely remove the remnants of such dangerous weapons.

The report also requests that all relevant United Nations agencies make greater efforts to provide food, medical and humanitarian assistance in areas where fighting has ceased, and in internally displaced persons camps, and to follow up with those States that have pledged voluntary contributions.

The report calls for the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect after all political channels have proved fruitless through all agreements, the Cessation of Hostilities statements, and Astana agreements that followed, stressing the need to resort to Chapter VII, and to implement the norm of the Responsibility to Protect, which was established by the United Nations General Assembly.

The report calls on the Independent International Commission of Inquiry (COI) and the International, Impartial, and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) to launch investigations into the cases included in this report and previous reports, and confirms the SNHRs willingness to cooperate and provide further evidence and data.
The report also calls on the United Nations Special Envoy to Syria to condemn the perpetrators of crimes and massacres and those who were primarily responsible for dooming the de-escalation agreements, to reschedule the peace process so that it can resume its natural course despite Russias attempts to divert and distort it, and to empower the Constitutional Commission prior to the establishment of a transitional governing body.

The report emphasizes that the Russian regime must launch investigations into the incidents included in this report, make the findings of these investigations public for the Syrian people, and hold the individuals involved accountable, and demands that the Russian regime, as a guarantor party in Astana talks, should stop thwarting de-escalation agreements, achieve a breakthrough in the issue of detainees by revealing the fate of those forcibly disappeared by the Syrian regime, and stop using cluster munitions and incendiary weapons.

The report also stresses that the Syrian regime must stop the indiscriminate shelling and targeting of residential areas, hospitals, schools and markets, and stop using prohibited munitions and barrel bombs, as well as ending the acts of torture that have caused the deaths of thousands of Syrian citizens in detention centers. The report adds that the Syrian Regime must also reveal the fate of 82,000 Syrian citizens previously arrested by the regimes own security apparatus, whose fate it has concealed to date, and comply with UN Security Council resolutions and customary humanitarian law.

The report also calls on the International Coalition forces to acknowledge that some of their bombing operations have resulted in the deaths of innocent civilians, and demands that the coalition launch serious investigations, as well as compensating and apologizing to the victims and all those affected.
The report stresses that the states supporting the SDF should apply pressure on these forces in order to compel them to cease all of their violations in all the areas and towns under their control, adding that all forms of support, military and all others, should be ceased unless the SDF stops all its violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.
The report also notes that the SDF should form a special committee to investigate incidents of violations committed by SDF members, disclose the details of their findings and apologize for them, hold those responsible accountable, and compensate the victims and affected.

The report calls on the Operation Peace Spring alliance to investigate the incidents that resulted in civilian victims and to determine the causes behind them, to apologize for these, to compensate the victims and to hold those responsible accountable, as well as to work to prevent the recurrence of such incidents. The report adds that the committee established by the Defense Ministry of the Syrian Interim Government to investigate abuses and breaches should publish the findings of its investigations into violations on a dedicated website, update this data regularly, issue recommendations and follow up on their implementation.

The report also calls on the Armed Opposition factions to ensure the protection of civilians in all areas under their control, and urges them to investigate incidents that have resulted in civilian casualties, as well as calling on them to take care to distinguish between civilians and military targets and to cease any indiscriminate attacks.

Lastly, the report stresses the need for international organizations to develop urgent operational plans to secure decent shelter for internally displaced persons.,

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The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor is following with a great concern the military escalation in the Gaza Strip, which broke out on Tuesday dawn after the Israeli army assassinated a military commander in the Gaza Strip.

We Hold the Israeli government responsible for the escalation of violence and see its move to carry out attacks in the Gaza Strip as a practical expression of impunity

Our field teams monitored the Israeli Air Forces and artillery attacks on a dozen of areas in the Gaza Strip, killing (until 3:30 PM) 23 Palestinians, including civilians, and completely destroying 3 houses, as well as damaging dozens of houses and civilian facilities.

In parallel with the military offensive, the Israeli army closed all border crossings with the Gaza Strip and imposed an almost total ban on fishing, which means depriving the civilian population of basic supplies such as food, fuel and basic needs, in continuation of Israel’s policy of collective punishment against the Gaza Strip for more than 13 years.

The Euro-Med Monitor team documented the response of armed factions in the Gaza Strip by firing dozens of home-made grenades at Israeli communities near the border as well as in cities in central Israel, injuring dozens of Israelis, with the majority of them suffering from shocks.

We hold the Israeli government responsible for the escalation of violence and see its move to carry out attacks in the Gaza Strip as a practical expression of impunity, as the IDF has enjoyed impunity however it has a record of human rights violations, including war crimes and crimes against humanity.

By monitoring the situation on the ground, we warn all parties of the gravity of the situation in the Gaza Strip, and call for a decisive intervention to stop the Israeli military offensive and prevent the development of an all-out offensive that could kill thousands of civilians.

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